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ELECTROCHEMICAL GENERATION OF CHLORINE FOR DISINFECTION IN CONTINUOUS FLOW PROCESS

ABD HALIM, ABDUL GHAFAR (2009) ELECTROCHEMICAL GENERATION OF CHLORINE FOR DISINFECTION IN CONTINUOUS FLOW PROCESS. UNSPECIFIED. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

In-situ generation of chlorine was obtained by electrochemical process using Metal Oxides - coated titanium as anode and Titanium as cathode. In this process, its effect will be mainly based on the electrochemical production of hypochlorite and/or hypochlorous acid from the chloride content of the water. Brine solutions which consist of different concentration of sodium hydroxide (NaCI) were being prepared for electrolysis at different conditions such as flow rate of brine solution entering reactor (4 mL/min - 12 mL/min), electrodes configurations, brine solution pH (2 - 7), chloride concentrations (3.6 mg/L - 100 mg/L) and current densities (1.33 mA/cm2- 4 mA/cm2) in a continuous flow process. The system was running for 5 minutes before the 1 litre of sample taken so that the system was stabilized. Two conditions that have been identified to produced optimum value of free available chlorine (FAC) was at pH 5 which yield as high as 800 mg/L and electrodes configuration that produce optimum FAC was arrangement B, which produced 640 mg/L of FAC. From the 3D surface plot, it was found that FAC production increases with increase in chloride concentration and current density but reduces with increase in flow rate. Furthermore at 3.6 mg/L chloride concentration, sufficient amount of FAC was produced for disinfection where 0.23 mg/L, 1.98 mg/L and 2.38 mg/L of FAC was produced at current densities of 4 mA/cm2 and flow rate of 4 mL/min, 8 mL/min and 12 mL/min respectively.

Item Type: Final Year Project
Subject: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Engineering > Civil
Depositing User: Users 5 not found.
Date Deposited: 04 Jun 2012 10:11
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:44
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/2952

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