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Control Relevant System Identification Using Orthonormal Basis Filter Models

Tufa, Lemma Dendena (2009) Control Relevant System Identification Using Orthonormal Basis Filter Models. PhD thesis, UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI PETRONAS.

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Abstract

Models are extensively used in advanced process control system design and implementations. Nearly all optimal control design techniques including the widely used model predictive control techniques rely on the use of model of the system to be controlled. There are several linear model structures that are commonly used in control relevant problems in process industries. Some of these model structures are: Auto Regressive with Exogenous Input (ARX), Auto Regressive Moving Average with Exogenous Input (ARMAX), Finite Impulse Response (FIR), Output Error (OE) and Box Jenkins (BJ) models. The selection of the appropriate model structure, among other factors, depend on the consistency of the model parameters, the number of parameters required to describe a system with acceptable accuracy and the computational load in estimating the model parameters. ARX and ARMAX models suffer from inconsistency problem in most open-loop identification problems. Finite Impulse Response (FIR) models require large number of parameters to describe linear systems with acceptable accuracy. BJ, OE and ARMAX models involve nonlinear optimization in estimating their parameters. In addition, all of the above conventional linear models, except FIR, require the time delay of the system to be separately estimated and included in the estimation of the parameters. Orthonormal Basis Filter (OBF) models have several advantages over the other conventional linear models. They are consistent in parameters for most open-loop identification problems. They are parsimonious in parameters if the dominant pole(s) of the system are used in their development. The model parameters are easily estimated using the linear least square method. Moreover, the time delay estimation can be easily integrated in the model development. However, there are several problems that are not yet addressed. Some of the outstanding problems are: (i) Developing parsimonious OBF models when the dominant poles of the system are not known (ii) Obtaining a better estimate of time delay for second or higher order systems (iii) Including an explicit noise model in the framework of OBF model structures and determine the parameters and multi-step ahead predictions (iv) Closed-loop identification problems in this new OBF plus noise model frame work This study presents novel schemes that address the above problems. The first problem is addressed by formulating an iterative scheme where one or two of the dominant pole(s) of the system are estimated and used to develop parsimonious OBF models. A unified scheme is formulated where an OBF-deterministic model and an explicit AR or ARMA stochastic (noise) models are developed to address the second problem. The closed-loop identification problem is addressed by developing schemes based on the direct and indirect approaches using OBF based structures. For all the proposed OBF prediction model structures, the method for estimating the model parameters and multi-step ahead prediction are developed. All the proposed schemes are demonstrated with the help of simulation and real plant case studies. The accuracy of the developed OBF-based models is verified using appropriate validation procedures and residual analysis.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Subject: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Engineering > Chemical
Depositing User: Users 5 not found.
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2012 09:24
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:44
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/3014

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