Welcome To UTPedia

We would like to introduce you, the new knowledge repository product called UTPedia. The UTP Electronic and Digital Intellectual Asset. It stores digitized version of thesis, dissertation, final year project reports and past year examination questions.

Browse content of UTPedia using Year, Subject, Department and Author and Search for required document using Searching facilities included in UTPedia. UTPedia with full text are accessible for all registered users, whereas only the physical information and metadata can be retrieved by public users. UTPedia collaborating and connecting peoples with university’s intellectual works from anywhere.

Disclaimer - Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS shall not be liable for any loss or damage caused by the usage of any information obtained from this web site.Best viewed using Mozilla Firefox 3 or IE 7 with resolution 1024 x 768.

Feedback Linearization Techniques for Collaborative Nonholonomic Robots

Ahmed, Salman (2007) Feedback Linearization Techniques for Collaborative Nonholonomic Robots. Masters thesis, UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI PETRONAS.

[img]
Preview
PDF
Download (29Mb) | Preview

Abstract

Collaborative robots performing tasks together have significant advantages over a single robot. Applications can be found in the fields of underwater robotics, air traffic control, intelligent highways, mines and ores detection and tele-surgery. Collaborative wheeled mobile robots can be modeled by a nonlinear system having nonholonomic constraints. Due to these constraints, the collaborative robots arc not stabilizable at a point by continuous time-invariant feedback control laws. Therefore, linear control is ineffective, even locally, and innovative design techniques are needed. One possible design technique is feedback control and the principal interest of this thesis is to evaluate the best feedback control technique. Feedback linearization is one of the possible feedback control techniques. Feedback linearization is a method of transforming a nonlinear system into a linear system using feedback transformation. It differs from conventional Taylor series linearization since it is achieved using exact coordinates transformation rather than by linear approximations of the system. Linearization of the collaborative robots system using Taylor series results in a linear system which is uncontrollable and is thus unsuitable. On the other hand, the feedback linearized control strategies result in a stable system. Feedback linearized control strategies can he designed based on state or input, while both state and input linearization can be achieved using static or dynamic feedback. In this thesis, a kinematic model of the collaborative nonholonomic robots is derived, based on the leader-follower formation. The objective of the kinematic model is to facilitate the design of feedback control strategies that can stabilize the system and Minimize the error between the desired and actual trajectory. The leader-follower formation is used in this research since the collaborative robots are assumed to have communication capabilities only. The kinematic model for the leader-follower formation is simulated using MATLAB/Simulink. A comparative assessment of various feedback control strategies is evaluated. The leader robot model is tested using five feedback control strategies for different trajectories. These feedback control strategies are derived using cascaded system theory, stable tracking method based on linearization of corresponding error model, approximation linearization, nonlinear control design and full state linearization via dynamic feedback. For posture stabilization of the leader robot, time-varying and full state dynamic feedback linearized control strategies are used. For the follower robots using separation bearing and separation-separation formation, the feedback linearized control strategies are derived using input-output via static feedback. Based on the simulation results for the leader robot, it is found that the full state dynamic feedback linearized control strategy improves system performance and minimizes the mean of error more rapidly than the other four feedback control strategies. In addition to stabilizing the system, the full state dynamic feedback linearized control strategy achieves posture stabilization. For the follower robots, the input-output via static feedback linearization control strategies minimize the error between the desired and actual formation. Furthermore, the input-output linearized control strategies allow dynamical change of the formation at run-time and minimize the disturbance of formation change. Thus, for a given feasible trajectory, the full state feedback linearized strategy for the leader robot and input-output feedback linearized strategies for the follower robots are found to be more efficient in stabilizing the system.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subject: UNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Engineering > Electrical and Electronic
Depositing User: Users 5 not found.
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2012 15:30
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:45
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/3284

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

More statistics for this item...