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PRELIMINARY STUDY FOR METHANE GENERATION OF FELCRA NASARUDDIN USING ANAEROBIC DIGESTION

Abd Razak, Nurul Fatimah (2012) PRELIMINARY STUDY FOR METHANE GENERATION OF FELCRA NASARUDDIN USING ANAEROBIC DIGESTION. UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI PETRONAS, UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI PETRONAS. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Utilization of abundant waste by converting them into a useful renewable energy by adopting the third generation of green technology development has attracted much attention from the world as a source of the depleting fossil fuels. Other than awareness towards Carbon Credit and Clean Development Mechanism promoted in Kyoto Protocol to developing countries, development in biochemical transformation of biomass by means of anaerobic digestion to generate methane gas was also one of the enthralling fields. This project is conducted as a preliminary study with aims to generate methane gas from anaerobic digestion of palm oil mill effluent taken from palm oil mill activity in FELCRA Nasaruddin, situated in Bota, Perak. The purpose of the project is to develop a working prototype of a digester, which will be used to generate methane gas by applying the conceptual of biochemical transformation of anaerobic digestion. A lot of literature studies had been done to support the proposed project. Numerous related equations were used as to support the theory and to proceed with the prototype fabrication and sample testing. The digester was designed using an engineering drawing tool, AutoCAD before it is fabricated. Palm oil mill effluent (POME) is taken from selected pond in FELCRA Nasaruddin, Perak and testing is done under controlled condition. After that, the prototype is fabricated and experiments were carried out to observe the performance of the digester. Eighteen Litres POME samples taken were digested inside the digester for ten days of retention time and volume of gas captured are taken into record. The result of the experiments were summarized in the graphical representation. Discussions were made to comment and to analyze the results and suggestions to improve the efficiencies of the digester were made.

Item Type: Final Year Project
Academic Subject : Academic Department - Mechanical Engineering - Materials - Engineering materials - Composites material - Natural composites
Subject: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Engineering > Mechanical
Depositing User: Sharifah Fahimah Saiyed Yoep
Date Deposited: 01 Apr 2013 11:33
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:39
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/6201

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