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Preliminary Design Of Palm Oil Frond Gasifier

Mohd Azrul Amin B Kimin, Mohd Azrul Amin (2008) Preliminary Design Of Palm Oil Frond Gasifier. Universiti Teknologi Petronas, Sri Iskandar,Tronoh,Perak. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

This report is emphasizing on designing a gasifier that utilizes the palm oil frond as the carbonaceous feed material. Gasifier is the reactor where the gasification process occurs to produce combustible gas for power generation application. Malaysia is one of the largest palm oil producing countries in the world and there are large amounts of palm oil tree waste especially the frond and leaves produced Currently, the waste such as the frond are not been managed well and disposed in uncontrolled manner. To treat this tremendous biomass waste, gasification can be the way to convert the waste to be an alternative energy, in the form of combustible gas called producer gas or syngas. The methodology of the project is to plan and clarify the task to be done, followed by research on the project through literature review, determine the characteristic and thermal behavior of palm oil frond through material testing and lastly design the gasifier based on the characteristics of the frond. The gasifier with feed consumption of 150 kg/h is designed since the gasifier is required to produce medium scale of power generation in the range of 50 to 200 kW. The palm oil frond gasifier has total dimension of 0.8 m in diameter and 2.5 m in height. The construction material for the gasifier is 5mm thick stainless steel and the insulation is made of rock wool. The producer gas produced is approximately 531.62 m3 h 1 .The gasifier can generate power capacity of 166.32 kW with 70% of gasification efficiency and has total gasifier system efficiency of 20.9%.

Item Type: Final Year Project
Subject: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: ?? sch_eng ??
Depositing User: Users 5 not found.
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2012 12:24
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2017 15:49
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/650

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