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The Study of Beam - Column Joint of Typical School Building Structure in Malaysia

Saemar, Rashidi (2007) The Study of Beam - Column Joint of Typical School Building Structure in Malaysia. Universiti Teknologi Petronas. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

This report described the study and further analysis of the critical portion of frame structure - beam column joint of a school building in Malaysia, where it could be said 'neglected' in the design. The objective of seismic analysis is to assess the force and deformation demands and capacities on the structural system and its individual components. The projects is focused on identifying the possible outcome that seismic load could give onto the structure such as slippage of reinforcement bars in the joint. Preliminary studies and plan interpretation was done in the early stage. Several properties on structure members were identified and calculated such as the ultimate moment and shear capacity. The structure is analyzed using Equivalent Linear Static analysis. Equivalent static analysis is best suited for structures or individual frames with well balanced spans and uniformly distributed stiffness. The seismic load shall be assumed as an equivalent static horizontal force applied to individual frames. The horizontal force was applied at the vertical center of mass of the superstructure and distributed horizontally in proportion to the mass distribution. The analysis was done using the STAAD.Pro software to demonstrate the UBC Zone 2 loading. Variation of drifts, deformations, displacements and stresses were identified. However, none of the joint failed. By using more sophisticated software, evaluation of the bond stress between the reinforcement bars and the concrete in the joint region was done by using the pseudo - static forces. The results showed that both bars for beam and column for the joint had only experienced a low range of stresses, far below from the recommended values. Thus, a conclusion was made that the structure could actually withstand the loading.

Item Type: Final Year Project
Academic Subject : Academic Department - Civil Engineering - Structures, materials and construction
Subject: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Engineering > Civil
Depositing User: Users 2053 not found.
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2013 11:10
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:45
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/7059

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