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Dynamic Anaiysis of Suspension Bridge

Seong, Javier Teo Han (2011) Dynamic Anaiysis of Suspension Bridge. Universiti Teknologi Petronas. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Any pedestrian who has crossed a suspension bridge will agree to the fact that it will move. The motion of the bridge represents the dynamic response. Typically, researchers use a combination of both analytical and experimental methods, coupled with system identification technique. However, only analytical method was implemented in this project. The suspension bridge was modeled as a fixed-fixed beam, while ignoring the effects of the hangers, bridge pylons and cable backstays. A single walking person is modeled as a single point load moving across the beam with constant speed. The critical speeds of the beam were also determined. Four different moving speeds were used. Maximum deflection of the beam occurs when the location of the load coincides with that particular node. But at speeds near critical speeds, the maximum beam deflections do not occur at location of the load. Also, the maximum deflection undergone by a node does not occur when the load coincides with that particular node. In future, some of the simplifications done such as ignoring should be omitted in order to produce more accurate results. A wider range of speeds should be used to further explore the effects and to determine if there is any predictable pattern of deflections in the beam model. In addition to that, the forces generated from walking should be offset to left and right of the middle of the beam or deck to imitate the alternating footsteps of a walking person. A 3D model can be created in order to study the torsional and lateral vibrations of the bridge. It can even be used to study combined vibration modes.

Item Type: Final Year Project
Academic Subject : Academic Department - Mechanical Engineering - Automotive - Dynamics and control - Suspension modeling
Subject: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Engineering > Mechanical
Depositing User: Users 2053 not found.
Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2013 16:47
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:41
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/7305

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