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SIDOARJO MUD AS A CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL: A MYTH OR REALITY

Masilamani, Mariadas Brian (2008) SIDOARJO MUD AS A CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL: A MYTH OR REALITY. Universiti Teknologi Petronas. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Since the production of Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC), an essential constituent of concrete, leads to the release of significant amount of C02 , it has created some greenhouse effects. Many researches have been carried out to replace partially this OPC such as using Rice Husk Ash (RHA), Silica Fume, Lime Pozzolan, Fly Ash and many more. All this research shows and gives good result on concrete properties. Volcanic ash is believed to have some cementitious properties that can replace OPC. Volcanic emption and earthquake is known as a major problem in Indonesia and in Jawa Timur (East Jawa) there is new type of catastrophe has been discovered known as Sidoarjo Hot Mud. This abundant nature waste is used as a research item to find its effect as cementitious material. The main objective of the study is to find the oxide and amorphous content in this mud (cementitious component) and use this mud to improve the quality of the concrete. The scope of study comprises of research on this mud as cement replacement material using XRD and XRF equipment. Several tests were carried out to find the compression and tensile strength. Porosity and Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity (UPV) tests were also employed to determine the effect of this mud. The tests were carried out with mixture ratio of 0, 5, I 0, 15 and 20% of Sidoarjo mud and OPC to find the optimum ratio. The result showed that the mud can be used as cementitious material with optimum ratio of 10% Sidoarjo mud. It was found that Sidoarjo mud mortar achieved 30% of higher strength compared to OPC mortar. It was also noticed that the porosity level decrease 7% compare to control specimen. In term of tensile, and UPV tests Sidoarjo mud mortar showed 9% and 3% increases compare to OPC mortar respectively.

Item Type: Final Year Project
Academic Subject : Academic Department - Civil Engineering - Structures, materials and construction
Subject: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Engineering > Civil
Depositing User: Users 2053 not found.
Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2013 16:55
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:44
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/7381

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