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Palm Oil Fronds as Alternative Source of Raw Material to Produce Pulp and Paper

Abu Bakar, Mohd Redzuan (2011) Palm Oil Fronds as Alternative Source of Raw Material to Produce Pulp and Paper. Universiti Teknologi Petronas. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

This project is about the study of oil palm fronds and its contents in order to make pulp and paper and also paper testing to determine the condition of the paper. Malaysia is the largest producer and exporter of pahn oil in the world today, producing about 47% of the world's supply of pahn oil and nowadays they are determining to expand the pahn oil production capacity since the market demand continues to grow. The growth highlights the potential of using the 26.2 million tonnes of oil pahn frond (OPF) for pulp and paper production. Fibers in the palm oil frond (waste) can be transforming into something useful such as pulp and paper instead of burning the waste. To enhance the use of the abundant biomass generated by the pahn oil industry in Malaysia, a study was conducted in view of exploring the paper making potential of this industrial by-product. The information about type of oil pahn biomass such as empty fruit bunch, oil pahn frond and oil palm trunks and their current product was studied in order to ensure that the pulp and paper is a new product for oil pahn biomass. The pulp and paper background was studied to get the information about the contents of the paper and the similarity with the oil palm frond that will be used as raw material to make paper. The basic paper making process was studied to get the information on how the paper was made using the current technology. Chemical and physical properties of paper was examined to look at the paper contents and compared with the oil palm fronds to ensure that there are similarity in contents between both components and determine either oil pahn frond could be use as raw material in paper making production or not. The physical properties of the paper were determined using paper testing. Due to lack of technology in laboratory, handmade paper making was done using oil pahn fronds as raw material. All the paper and oil pahn fronds sample was analyze by X-ray Fluorescence (XRF) and Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) to examine the contents and the structure. The study showed that frond pulp might be used as a raw material in pulp and paper production.

Item Type: Final Year Project
Academic Subject : Academic Department - Mechanical Engineering - Materials - Engineering materials - Composites material - Natural composites
Subject: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Engineering > Mechanical
Depositing User: Users 2053 not found.
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2013 11:07
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:42
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/8267

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