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Preparation of Oil Palm Frond (OPF) for biomass Gasification

Samsudin, Mohammad Syafiq (2010) Preparation of Oil Palm Frond (OPF) for biomass Gasification. Universiti Teknologi Petronas. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Due to the abundance source of unutilized OPF in Malaysia, the usage of OPF as the fuel for biomass gasification seems to be a very attractive solution. However, because of the natural properties of OPF and the requirement of the gasifiers, there are certain process that should be apply to prepare OPF before it is safe to be feed into any gasifiers. The problems like the a very low efficiency system, corrosion of the flue, high emission of tars and creosote that condense in the flue, and flue blockages could be avoid or decrease by preparing OPF into a suitable size and by eliminating its moisture content until below 20% (although some of the gasifiers only require less than 55% to 60% moisture content). OPF drying process is also essential for storing purpose as it could reduce the risk oflosing its energy value. The objectives of this project is to analyz OPF properties and to experiment methods in preparing OPF for biomass gasification in order to provide fundamental suggestion in using OPF for biomass gasification for industrial purpose. Starting with data collection and fundamental studies, OPF, the projects covering experiments, collection of data and analyzing results in cutting, drying and storage process of OPF for biomass gasification, whereby in drying, basically there are two methods covered which are sun drying and furnace drying. It is found out that with the right method in cutting/preparing of OPF especially if it include the process of crushing and fine cutting, sun drying method should be enough to dried out the moisture content in OPF until it reach the level of below I 0%. Sun drying process could take only one day period for a whole day in sunny weather, or it could take 2 days if it is cloudy or sometimes 3 days if it is often raining during the day. On the other hand, furnace drying is not practical to be used widely for industrial basically because it consume high amount of energy and it is believe to be very costly. Dried OPF feedstock (moisture content below 10%) could be store and preserve in room condition for a long period of time without any major change in its value.

Item Type: Final Year Project
Academic Subject : Academic Department - Mechanical Engineering - Energy - Sustainable energy - Biomass
Subject: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Engineering > Mechanical
Depositing User: Users 2053 not found.
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2013 11:07
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:42
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/8335

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