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Analysis of Gas Turbine Blade Cooling System

Ghanizadeh, Amir Hossein (2009) Analysis of Gas Turbine Blade Cooling System. Universiti Teknologi Petronas. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Gas turbine engines are designed to continuously and efficiently convert the energy of fuel into useful power. Gas turbines have been developed into very reliable, high performance engines (high ratio of power output to weight, high efficiency and low maintenance costs). As the turbine inlet temperature increases, the heat transferred to the turbine blade also increases. The operating temperatures are far above the permissible metal temperatures. Therefore, there is a critical need to cool the blades for safe operation. The cooling methods currently implemented in the turbine industry can be classified into two types: internal cooling and external cooling. In the present work the internal cooling of a gas turbine blade is analyzed. The blade has a rectangular 9mm x 18mm compressed air channel along the blade span. FiniteDifference method is used to predict temperature distribution for blade cross section at different heights from the root. Effect of compressed air mass flow rate, inlet temperature and the temperature of combustion gasses have been considered. The investigations are carried out for both smooth and two opposite ribbed-walls channels. The results are presented and discussed as temperature distribution in various sections of the blade and the comparison between ribbed and smooth channel based on Nu values. Also, various ribs configurations have been considered in the analysis. Results at rib angles, a of 90 °, 60', 45 ° and 30' and ribs blockage ratios, e!D, ranging from 0.042 to 0.078 are compared in terms of Nu and friction factor, f It is found that maximum Nu number occurs when 60° ribs are introduced in the channel. An enhancement of 149.45% is achieved with penalty of increase in the friction factor by 114.5%.

Item Type: Final Year Project
Academic Subject : Academic Department - Mechanical Engineering - Materials - Engineering materials - Metals alloys - Phase transformation
Subject: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Engineering > Mechanical
Depositing User: Users 2053 not found.
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2013 14:19
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:43
URI: http://utpedia.utp.edu.my/id/eprint/8816

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