Finite Element Analysis of Residual Stresses in 316 Stainless Steel Pipelines SMAW Welding

Mohd Wafiuddin bin Abdul Rashid, Mohd Wafiuddin (2011) Finite Element Analysis of Residual Stresses in 316 Stainless Steel Pipelines SMAW Welding. [Final Year Project] (Unpublished)

[thumbnail of dissertation_BODY.pdf]

Download (2MB)
[thumbnail of dissertation_FIRST_PAGE.pdf]

Download (5kB)
[thumbnail of dissertation_TABLE_CONTENT.pdf]

Download (30kB)


Stainless steel is widely used in pipelines and structural components as the material of choice. When steel undergoes welding process for joining, it receives a lot of heat particularly from the arc of the welding electrode. The particular region which the welding took place is mostly affected by the thermal load. The temperature gradient would create a phenomenon that affects the steel properties. This thermal load will induce several problems at the line of the welding. One of them is residual stress initiation at the particular spot. Residual stress propagation and initiation trend is hard to be determined visually and experimentally. Using ANSYS software, a simulation has been attempted to evaluate the thermally induced residual stresses using finite element analysis (FEA). A welding process that utilizes SMAW welding was chosen for simplicity. Different values of heat input were used to observe the trend on the residual stresses. The observation was made on the region along the zone of welded area. A thermal analysis was conducted first. Then, the temperature distribution along the welded line was used as input in the structural analysis. Then, a comparison was made to see on how the heat input value affects the size of HAZ and the magnitude of residual stresses there. The stresses in x, y and z component, stress intensity and also the distortion magnitude of the welded region were then analyzed.

Item Type: Final Year Project
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Departments / MOR / COE: Engineering > Mechanical
Depositing User: Users 5 not found.
Date Deposited: 21 May 2012 11:44
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:41

Actions (login required)

View Item
View Item