Modeling and Simulation of Supersonic Natural Gas Dehydration using De Laval Nozzle

Wong , Mee Kee (2009) Modeling and Simulation of Supersonic Natural Gas Dehydration using De Laval Nozzle. [Final Year Project] (Unpublished)

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The purpose of this report is to provide an overview of the writer’s Final Year Project.
Current techniques in dehydration of natural gas, such as absorption, adsorption and
membrane require relatively large facilities, a large investment, complex mechanical work,
and the possibility of having a negative impact on the environment. Separation with
supersonic flow is proposed as a solution to some of the disadvantages of conventional
methods. The objectives of the project is to perform simulation which model natural gas
flow through a convergent-divergent nozzle which separates water from natural gas and
study pressure and temperature drop as well as the effectiveness of the separation.
FLUENT and GAMBIT are the major tool used in running the simulation. Simple
explanation on the methods is provided in this report.
Gas is accelerated up to velocities exceeding the sound propagation velocity in gas through
a convergent-divergent nozzle due to transformation of a part of the potential energy of
flow to kinetic energy the gas is cooled greatly. The result of the simulation shows velocity
of gas increases significantly at the choke, resulting in temperature drop which condenses
water vapour in the gas mixture. By removing water liquid droplets, water content in
system can be reduced. Temperature, pressure, velocity and component mass fraction
profiles are included in the report. Furthermore, effects of different inlet mass flow rate are
studied. Higher inlet mass flow rate increases temperature drop, hence more water vapour
is condensed and lower water content left in natural gas. For effective separation, sufficient
inlet mass flow rate is required to achieve sonic flow in a 3-inch pipeline.
Recommendations for future work expansion and continuation are provided at the end of
the report.

Item Type: Final Year Project
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Departments / MOR / COE: Engineering > Chemical
Depositing User: Users 5 not found.
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2012 12:24
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2017 09:44

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